An Insight of the Project SITE

Division of La Union, As It Moves On

(An Insight of the Project SITE)

Dr. Lorna G. Bugayong

ASDS, Deped La Union

                        Project SITE a.k.a SCHOOLS INITIATIVES TOWARD EXCELLENCE is a division-initiative project by the able leadership of Dr. Edna C. Leal, the Schools Division Superintendent of the Division of La Union.  Project SITE is a dream being made into reality by a leadership that makes educators who are expected to do their part to contribute to the desired “change for the better “in education.

                  In June 2005, Project SITE was launched in the DIVISION of La Union. One school year after, the project evaluation was done. This project helped raise the performance level of the division as evidenced by the National Achievement Test Results. It went through the years until each one and everyone got the inspiration and PROJECT SITE continues its existence.

                  After six years each group defines its own perspective, as Project SITE moves on.

             In the perspective of our DIVISION HEADS, Project SITE stands for Schools Initiatives Towards Excellence.  These are the Special Projects created and initiated by the different schools both in elementary and secondary which are intended to improve the learning outcomes and to carry out the dual role of education. First as an instrument of poverty alleviation such as the program’s Non-Academic Category like the “Earn While You Learn”. Second as an instrument in developing the human resource which is the initial objective of the program’s Academic Category and that is to produce quality learners and first class graduates.

                 In the perspective of an Administrator and School Head, Project SITE stands for Systems Intended for Transformation and End Results (Performance Goals). Since they are the ones responsible in the creation and execution of such, their creativity, leadership and management capabilities are tested year in and year out. There is no room for comfort zones.   School heads are now on challenging track of inventing and reinventing, of learning and relearning things that would ultimately bring them to finishing the race of achieving performance goals.

              In the perspective of a teacher, a mentor and a team player, Project SITE stands for Strategic Interventions for Trial and Error. Since these are experimental in nature, teachers have the opportunities of changing the face of education in aim to develop effective schools. Teachers become more of a team player, an innovator, an observer and facilitator, and an initiator of change. They might fail in some areas on the process, but in failing they will learn more, they can remedy and give more of themselves.

        In the perspective of student, Project SITE stands for Self Involvement for Thoughtful-Full Experience. Through Project SITE students are exposed to various updated and innovated strategies and pedagogies. They do not only become knowledgeable, they learn to be productive and active members of society. They are filled with sufficient knowledge and skills that will equip them for later battles of life.  They are no longer spectators, they are no longer mere recipients’ of learning, and they all become contributors in their respective roles.

          Project SITE has indeed stirred everyone in school and in community, working together to improve their school. Stakeholders extend support financially and in kind to sustain the school’s project with one aim in mind, “For the Good of Our children”.

              Project SITE is a win-win system of the Division of La Union. The battle cry which has opened for improvements: “THE SCHOOL WE HAVE IS THE SCHOOL WE MAKE” shall continue to echo in every heart and soul of every school.


100 years of Pugo


Renan Flores


Every land has its own story to tell… a history that no one should ever forget..Pugo…a place of beauty… gifted with peace and serenity…a land of perseverance and toiling people…

Pugo…a motherland worthy of respect …a sanctuary of faith… and a haven of love.


2012 marks the 100th year of the town of Pugo. Established in the year 1912 as a town this dainty community has its own story to tell…


There are three versions by which the name Pugo was acquired. The first version is according to the oral traditions of old folks and probably just a folktale since the account is so similar to the stories of nearby towns in La Union.


According to this story, when the Spaniards came to this vast vegetation they asked a native the name of the place. The native did not understand the language and by coincidence, the Spaniard hunter was pointing to a pugo bird; the native then exclaimed “pugo! pugo!” and the name stuck.


The second version evidently strengthens the account that Pugo was once a part of Pangasinan. The name “pogo” has its origin from Pangalatok, a language used in Pangasinan a province south of La Union. Pugo as well as other parts of southern La Union was once part of the ethnoliguistic territory of Pangalatok-speaking people prior to political subdivision during the Spanish regime. Now, only a minority speaks Pangalatok in La Union mainly in Municipalities of Rosario and Sto. Tomas. The term “Pogo” which means Small Islands or Islets does not mean though that Pugo is an Island. The term describes the huge rockbeds in the Tapuakan River. The river also features rockwalls and huge rocks which are now known as the Tapuakan River Resort. The resort is located in Barangay Cares. By geographical location moreover, when somebody is seeing Pugo from afar, a Pangasinense who is used of seeing bodies of water would normally conceptualize that Pugo is an island because of the vast hills where the place is located. This account also explains why the vowel sounds of the word pogo is pronounced in a harder accent- reminiscent of the Old Pangasinan Language.

The third version explains the presence of Bago Tribe members in the town. Subsequently, during the construction of roads going to the Mountain Province, some of the tribal folks from Ilocos Sur migrated and took refuge in the South. The migrants came to a place which is now presently located in the boundaries of Cuenca and Saytan and is attested by census records that most of the genealogical records from these barangay are from ilocos sur.. When they saw the mountainous area, they mistakenly regarded the place to be part of Ifugao, they then named the place “Ipugo” or a place full of earth gradually describing the numerous hills. As time progresses the term “Ipugo” was reduced to “Pugo” an evolution of language by which the letter “I” was removed to denote that “Pugo” is a lesser version of “ifugao” or “ipugo”.

Whichever account is more acceptable, one thing is for sure, these three versions will always remain as the foundation of the origin of the name of Pugo, our beloved town.

The history of Pugo as stated in so many accounts only started during the establishment of the Province of La Union in 1850. But not known to many, Pugo already existed as a part of Agoo and Pangasinan way back the onset of Spanish colonization in the year 1570. But of course in another name- Pugo was then known as Rancheria Tolosa. A part of a town famed to be the center of North Luzon in the late 1500s.

According to Miguel de Loarca in his accounts in the Las Islas Filipinas or the Philippine Islands annotated by Blaire and Robertson- the first residents of the place were called Negrillos (not negritos) which are natives with tawny black in color. They are basically pagans and their faiths rely much on supernatural deities and elements of nature.

Eventually, when migrants from the Malay Peninsula arrived through the migratory boats, the negrillos moved into the mountains and the Malay settlers became the descendants of the Pangasinense. In these years, Pangasinan territory extended up north until the present day San Juan which was then known as Atuley and part of Zambales and Tarlac down in the south.

Pugo was then part of place called El Puerto De Japon (presently Agoo) and was named by Spanish Conquistador Juan De Salcedo. He then named the place because of the flourishing Japanese and Chinese trades. It is customary for Spanish conquest that in the establishment of a civil government alongside is Christianization. The founding fathers who accompanied Salcedo in the establishment of this Spanish settlement were Fathers Juan Baptista de Lucarelli and Fray  Sebastian De Baesa of the Franciscan Orders. Consequently, the place by which Pugo was a part became the center of North Luzon since the entry point is located here long before Sual and Bolinao entrypoint was enhanced. Moreover, the settlement was declared as a royal encomienda– far better than ciudad Fernandina or Vigan City which was only owned by Salcedo. Whereas in a royal encomienda, it is being owned by no less than the King of Spain himself.

Rancheria Tolosa or Pugo continued to be a plantation for Tobacco together with Tubao in which the latter became a Barangay of Agoo and Pugo as a sitio. He growing demands for tobacco export eventually transformed the vast vegetation into rich tobacco fields… an expanding territoty for the Spanish Tobacco Monopoly.

Benguet province by which Baguio City was a part was not yet established. It was only founded in 1846 and Baguio in 1905. The establishment of Benguet as a province resulted from the people of the Ibaloi nation to refuse to pay taxes in the tabacalera or the tobacco monopoly. Mention should be made too of the local hero- Don Andres Malong of Pangasinan when he attempted to snatch the place from Spanish Civil Government in a revolution in the 1800’s.

Barrio Pugo together with the seven original barrios were annexed to Mountain Province as per Executive Order No. 11. When Baguio became a city in the year 1910, barrio Pugo and the other barrios became part of the township of Twin Peaks, Benguet. Twin Peaks was later abolished as a township, instead barrio Pugo and barrio Tuba were created as a township in the sub-province of Benguet. On February 4, 1920, Pugo which was then a municipal district of Benguet, was restored to La Union together with other barrios and sitios previously annexed to Mountain Province. This is in accordance with Section 2 of Act No. 2877 series 1920, enacted by the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives.


Pugo was organized as a township on January 1, 1912 from the sub-province of Benguet, Mountain Province in accordance with Executive Order No.77 dated December 11, 1911, approved by Governor General S. Cameron Forbes. It is originally consisted of the territories comprising of eight barrios (Pugo, Ambangonan, Dagupan, Maoasoas, Enmistampa, San Luis, Cuenca and Saytan) with barrio Pugo as the seat of government. In 1919, Pugo became a municipal district in the sub-province of Benguet. On July 30, 1947, Pugo, together with Sudipen and San Gabriel, became regular municipalities of the Province of La Union, in accordance with Executive Order No. 72 issued by President Manuel A. Roxas.


From this point forward, the civil government of Pugo became a silent guardian in protecting its people. Although the smallest town in La Union with regards to land area, Pugo boosts the warm embrace and hospitality of its people.

In 1970’s The construction of Marcos Highway initiated by the former Ministry of Tourism Secretary and statesman Jose “Sunshine Joe” D. Aspiras and President Ferdinand E. Marcos paved the way for Pugo to boost its economy, although remained as a fifth class municipality, Pugo is well known with its local products- The kinitikitan or wood sculptures became a famous connotation of the town. Tiger grass is made into soft brooms and is being marketed in Baguio city together with the town of Burgos. Other products include rootcrops such as ube, taro, sweet potatoes and ginger. Mangoes are grown in the rich hills especially in Barangay Maoaosoas and San Luis.


Pugo will always be a place to love and to cherish…a town where we spend our years growing up and to nurture our children for generations and generations… Pugo as stated in its town hymn is a “naindaklan a daga” not literally describing the land area but symbolizing the big hearts of its people and its rich cultural heritage that we are going to preserve for the next one hundred years!!!


Teachers’ Day

Mr. Virgilio C. Boado, principal IV of CuencaNHS

Say the words on teachers’ day

By Alberto B. Laoeng

              He was my classmate from grades I to VI but during high school, he transferred to Saint Mary’s Academy (SMA), Rosario, La Union while I stayed here at Cuenca National High School.  I heard a little of him except that he was doing well academically.  After secondary, he went to college (SLU Baguio) and I settled also at University of Baguio.  I was informed that he was one of the College of Education basketball players but during that time I already stopped my schooling.  Seldom, we played basketball together when he went home and I found out that he was really good.

He was already in teaching profession for quite some time when opportunity opened for me to reenter college.  I managed to graduate as a secondary teacher and luckily entered to DepEd, Cuenca National High School, my alma mater.

One day I was surprised when they said that Mr. Virgilio C. Boado would be our principal.  After a few days, he came and from then on we were not the same.  He instituted changes smoothly and precisely.  He encouraged professionalism, productivity and competence.  Little by little I regained my confidence that I once had during my college days and during my first year of teaching.  We won contests and our school was heard everywhere; moreover, we got hold better perspective.  We acquired new building and building repairs.  We received computers and participated to numerous national trainings on ICT.  We have been counting our blessings since then.

He pioneered the celebration of teachers’ day here at CNHS and that is why on this teachers’ day, I give him my highest commendation.  Mr. Virgilio Boado, my principal touched our lives in so many ways.  He will continue touching it until ignorance will no longer be seen on the eyes of a student.  We have made a difference!  Happy teachers’ day to us all!

LEAP Session: At Last an Angel Arrives

Madam Emilina Boac says her heart.


Eleven years ago when I was a newly hired public school teacher, during our seminar at Sobrepena Complex at Caba, La Union, I met Madam Emilina T.  Boac, as one of the resource speakers.  There was a guest speaker, a graduate from DMMMSU, who nervously delivered her task and as a result some supervisors said some sort of corrections that I guessed not in the proper time and place.  Madam Emilina Boac, I thought she was pregnant that time, stood up and rescued that poor-young lady.  There was a feeling of animosity that time.

From that time on, I heard good comments regarding Mrs. Boac and they wanted her to be their supervisor.  I wanted her too.

She came to our LEAP session at Maoasoas National High School, July 14, 2011 on casual look-wearing jeans, blouse, and heels.  This reflected her preferences and taste as well as her generation or just simply saying I am a sister, I am a friend.  She wore eye glasses that added color to her innocent, honest, and beautiful face.  It was a look that anybody would not hesitate to approach with.  The timbre of her voice caught attention. It rendered eloquence and wisdom that every word coming from it provided life and inspiration.  She proved this through a video presentation entitled The Three Letters from Teddy and followed up with a very simple but soothing statement: Teacher as role model inside and out of the school.

I then can say at last an angel arrives.

Patimpalak sa Lutong Pinoy

                  Eggplant Strips in Creramy Flakes wins the cooking contest during the nutrition month celebration

          Naganap ang Lutong Pinoy sa ika-26 ng Agosto 2010 sa Mataas na Paaralan ng Cuenca.  Ang patimpalak na ito ay bukas sa lahat ng mga mag-aaral. Maraming grupo ang lumahok sapagkat nais nilang mahubog ang kanilang talento sa larangan ng pagluluto.  Napakasaya ng lahat dahil sa gusto nilang patunayan na ang mga mag-aaral ng Cuenca ay magaling magluto ng iba’t ibang pagkaing Pilipino.

          Ang mga Hurado na sina Ginang Ysminda Tawagen at ang mga Guro ay sabay sabay tumikim sa mga pagakain.  Pagkatapos ay nagbotohan sila kung ano ang pinakamasarap sa lahat. Sa huli ay nagwagi ang grupo ni Zimri Dolo sa kanilang “Eggplant Strips in Creamy Flakes”. 

          Sa pagtatapos ng patimpalak, natutuwa pa rin ang lahat sapagkat nataloman sila ay naipakita naman nila ang kanilang talenton sa pagluluto.





ni Mark Joseph Gulis          

The Tumble for Excellence

                             The CNHS gymnasts performing their routine during the Unit Meet. Christine, Farell, Kamela, Ricardo and Camela         

          The continuing progress of Cuenca National High School in the field of Sports is now about to reach its peak. During the culmination of the Unit Meet, CNHS was chosen to represent Pugo in Gymnastics under the supervision of Mrs. Conchita Baguyos and the rest of the faculty members.

        The gymnasts performed their tumblings, head rolls, and back rolls together with their graceful and highly sophisticated dance moves. Due to an excellent performance, they were being chosen to be the contestant for the Provincial Meet that was held in Bauang, La Union. During the competition, the gymnasts showed all that they have practiced and their efforts were being awarded for they placed 2nd on the competition. Even if they failed to bring home the Championship, this young team was still very happy for they have brought home a name and a distinction for their Alma Mater and they gave their best to show their best tumbles for excellence.