K TO 12: Challenges and Opportunities


We often asked our selves these questions: What is the purpose of education? What are expected of us educators? And most often than not we are getting the following answers: We are in a vocation. We continually learn. We are facilitators. These are relevant questions and answers that guide us in imbibing in our consciousness that we are a part in the success of the K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum.

So what is K to 12 all about? Its main goal is to TRANSFORM BASIC EDUCATION.

With K to 12, we will produce holistically developed learners who have the 21st Century skills and are prepared for higher education, middle-level skills development, employment and entrepreneurship. Make our country more competitive by increasing the number of years of basic education. Secure the development of competencies across the grades. Expand job opportunities and improve preparedness for higher learning.

K to 12 builds on the reform thrust of BESRA on Quality and Accessible Education For All. BESRA as a package of reform initiatives considers K to 12 as the flagship reform strategy.

The K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum will be enhanced. It is enriched in the sense that the curriculum will be integrative, inquiry-based, constructivist and technology- enhanced. It is responsive as it is flexible to local needs. It is seamless, there is continuum following an expanding spiral progression model. It is decongested as it allows for mastery of competencies. It is learn-centered as it focuses on the optimum development of the Filipino learner.

The following are the challenges faced by the program: Financing; shortages of classrooms, teachers and instructional materials; teacher training and governance; to secure coherence in program implementation, review of the tri-focalization and sustenance and improvement of School-based management. Solutions to these challenges however, are already in placed.

The K to 12 program opened up opportunities in addressing access and inequality; securing the foundation of learning and transforming the curriculum.

Finally, what would it take to shift paradigms?

The answer… confront challenges head on and view these as opportunities.


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